Exclusive for the Description of Egypt
*- The name Nefertiti means roughly, “the beauty or beautiful woman who has come” She was the great royal wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, who later changed his name to Akhenaten in honor of the sun disk god. Akhenaten had at least two other wives, “Kiya “, the mother of Tutankhamen and Ankhesenpaten. Much later, it is believed that Akhenaten took his eldest daughter by Nefertiti, Meritaten as a third wife.
*- Nefertiti was his primary wife, and the most important The two ruled side by side, first in Thebes and then for about 12 more years after moving the court to Amarna.
*- Many references to Nefertiti have been found among Amarna’s ruins, including inscriptions that list various names and descriptions for the queen: Heirss, the Great of Favor, Possessed of Charm, Exuding Happiness, Mistress of sweetness, Beloved One, Soothing the King’s Heart in His House, Soft Spoken in All, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, Great King’s Wife, Whom He Loves and Lady of the Two Lands.
*- Names, bloodlines and years of the various pharaohs’ reigns are confusing and as with much of the information about Nefertiti, there are those who propose many different theories .In approximately the 14th years of Akhenaten’s rule, references to Nefertiti suddenly stopped.
*- A co-regent by the name of Smenkhkare appeared to rule with Akhenaten and continued to rule briefly after his death, until Akhenaten’s son, Tutankhamen took the throne.
*- Some Egyptologists believe that Smenkhkare was actually Nefertiti disguised as a man .Others believe that she might have ruled the country briefly after her husband died ,using the name Neferneferuaten which can mean The Aten is radiant because the beautiful one is come.
*- Others believe that Smenkhkare was one of Akhenaten’s sons by a lesser wife and that Nefertiti acted as his co- regent under the name Neferneferuaten .It may be also Nefertiti’s oldest child ,Meritaten took over as a great royal wife while her mother served as a king .We most likely will never know which theory is correct ,if any.
*- Nefertiti appears in painted scene of another daughter’s burial, her second child apparently died in childbirth and the scene depicts a grieving Nefertiti and Akhenaten standing near her bed, while a nurse stands nearby holding a baby.
*- Clues to Nefertiti’s life are found among the writings and paintings found on walls, shards of pottery and tombs in Amarna excavations and in records left by the court’s scribes.
*- Because the words and pictures of Nefertiti’s cease abruptly near the end of her husband’s reign, it has been difficult for Egyptologists to piece together any reliably accurate histories of her. Did she leave Amarna voluntarily? Was she killed? Did she get into hiding and then resurface when her husband died and did she then rule in his place. No one knows when Nefertiti died or from what. Whenever such a mystery surrounds someone who generates so much public interest people tend to speculate and come up with various theories..
By: Enas Salah