Shoshenq or Shahanq or Shawshenq”929_950) B.Cwho was an Egyptian king and his origins back to a family from Ahanaisa city, his fifth grandfather “Boyowawa” came from one of oases of the Libyan desert that’s why his dynasty was known for the people who were interested in history as “The Libyan dynasty”. According to the panel of Basen which is now preserved in Louvre Museum also t was made by Hor Basen and he mentioned his ancestors as his eighth grandfather the pharaoh “Shoshenq” he was Shoshenq Ibn Namroud Ibn Shoshenq Ibn Batouth Ibn Nebnshi Ibn Mwasata Ibn Boyowawa. His top grandfather “Boyowawa” settled in one of the Libyan desert in west southern of Egypt and he was related to the Tehnu Libyan tribe while his son Mawsata had moved to live in Ahnsia city and engaged inside the ranks of priests until he became a priest of a temple in Ahnsia and he was succeeded by his son Nebnshi then the last was succeeded by his son Btouth and then Shoshenq who inherited the priest rank from his ancestors and became later the Greatest Priest and the leader of the Ahnsia garrison as well. He married from “Muhntosekhet”who was the daughter of leader of Mai Tribe and they gave birth Namroud who was married from the princess Tentisbeh and gave birth Shoshenq as he became the pharaoh of Egypt and the founder of the 22nd dynasty after having merged inside the Egyptian society and his dynasty lived for five generations and after the settle of his fourth grandfather Mawsata in Ahnsia.
It was noted that Namroud the son of Shoshenq died in his father’s life and he buried him in a scared place according to his belief ,it was “Abydos “city which is located in Sohage governorate now ,but his tomb was robbed then his father Shoshenq presented a complaint to the pharaoh who cared for his complaint because of his high position in Ahnsia city and who inherited the rank of his grandfather the greatest priest , the leader of Ahnsia garrison and the chief of Mai tribe “Almeshwash” in addition to another titles such as “the greatest and honored president of upper Egypt”. Shoshenq was able to rule Egypt and held the pharaoh title thus he founded the 22nd dynasty in 950B.C which ruled for almost five centuries also the Greeks had known him as “Sosakos” through the rule of 21st dynasty lasted approximately for 130 years during which the bad incidents had destroyed Egypt from inside and outside and the corruption prevailed all over the country .Also the taxes was a burden over the shoulders of the Egyptian nation that led to disintegration of the country and the pharaoh didn’t find any solution only it was with peace as he was forced to make a truce with Israel which had a great power at that time in Palestine under the rule of Dawoud ,through this period Shoshenq appeared and he married the daughter of the Pharaoh Psusennes II the last king of such dynasty and he declared founding the 22nd dynasty and this was about 940B.C .He was perhaps succeeded to rule Egypt peacefully not as occupier .During his reign ,it was written over one of the rocks about the most powerful battles in which he was victorious .As for the age of the dynasty which was founded by Shoshenq ,it was mentioned by Manetho that it was lasted for 120 years ,but the chronological record isn’t currently accepted as it makes the period lastedfor more than two centuries from 950B.C to 730B.C.